سوابق علمی و پژوهشی - دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا

1

Azam Namdar
اعظم نامدار
(Azam Namdar)
MSc
دانشکده پزشکی, گروه پزشکی اجتماعی
a.namdar@fums.ac.ir

جستجو رزومه

مقاله ها

Azam Namdar* , Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Marziyeh Zamani ,Ali Montazeri, Date:2021-04-20
AuthorsAzam Namdar* , Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Marziyeh Zamani ,Ali Montazeri
Date2021-04-20
Linkhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10763-3
DescriptionBackground: Health literacy (HL) may affect the consumption of fast food. We aimed to evaluate the effect of HLon fast food consumption among adult populations in Iran.Methods: We evaluated HL and fast food consumption in 421 adult participants with age range of 18–65 years oldin Fasa, Fars Province, southern Iran. Two-step cluster and systematic sampling was performed to recruit the studysample. Data were collected using a fast food consumption checklist, and the Health Literacy Instrument for Adults(HELIA) by face-to-face interviews. Population data across groups with and without fast food intake were compared.Results: Most participants used fast food every few months (49.9%). People with low or unstable incomeconsumed more fast food than others (P < 0.05). Sandwich and hotdog were the most consumed fast food (60.8%)followed by pizza (34.9%). Sausage and soda were the most seasoning food (66.7%). Most participants used fastfood as dinner (67.9%) and with family (72.2%), suggesting the institutionalized consumption of this type of food inthe family. Fun was the most frequent reason for the use of fast food (66.5%). Most participants completely knewabout the raw materials for fast food and their adverse effects. Finally, we found that overall health literacy waslower among those who used fast food than those who did not. Consumed fast food (68.16 ± 23.85 vs. 73.15 ±20.15; p = 0.021). This difference was also observed for some components of health literacy including reading skills,and decision-making subscales.Conclusions: The findings suggest there is a negative relationship between general health literacy and fast foodconsumption indicating that who possess lower level of health literacy is likely to consume more fast food.Specifically, the findings suggest that reading skills, and decision-making (behavioral intention) are more associatedwith decreased or increased fast food intake.Keywords: Adults, Fast food, Health literacy, Iran, Reading skills, Decision-making